Karol Szymanowski composed his Symphony No. 3 Op. 27, The Song of the Night during 1914-16 after a period spent travelling in Eastern Europe. It is considered to be one of his finest works. The symphony is a musical setting of a poem by the 13th-century Persian mystic Jalal ud-Din Rumi translated by polish poet and friend of composer Tadeusz Miciński, supposed to celebrate the exceptional beauty of the Eastern night. A typical performance of the symphony lasts about 25 minutes.

Original Name Symfonia "Pieśń o nocy"
Librettist Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (in translation by Tadeusz Miciński)
Date of composition 1916 (1914-1916)
Premiered 1928, February 3rd in Lvov, Mykolaivs'ka oblast, Ukraine
First published in 1925 by Universal Edition in Vienna, Austria
Dedicated to Anna Szymanowska née Taube (composer's mother)
Type Symphony
Tonality C Major
Catalogue Op. 27
Approx. duration 24 minutes
Spoken language Polish
Instruments Voice (Tenor)
Chorus/Choir - Mixed Chorus ;
Autotranslations beta Karol Szymanowski: Symphony "Song of the Night" n°3 en do majeur, Op. 27
Karol Szymanowski: Symphony "Song of the Night" n. 3 in do maggiore, Op. 27
Karol Szymanowski: Symphony "Song of the Night" Nr. 3 C-dur, Op. 27