The symphony lasts around 25 to 30 minutes. The finale sets a text by Semyon Isaakovich Kirsanov praising May Day and the revolution. Interpretation is difficult: in a letter to Boleslav Yavorsky, Shostakovich said that the work "expresses the spirit of peaceful reconstruction"; on the other hand, most of the material preceding the finale is dark and sometimes sardonic in tone.

Date of composition 1929
Premiered 1930, January 21st in Russia, Saint Petersburg
Type Symphony
Tonality E-flat Major
Catalogue Op. 20
Instruments Orchestra
Autotranslations beta Dmitri Chostakovitch: Symphonie n°3 en mi bémol majeur, Op. 20 "The First of May"
Dmitrij Šostakovič: Sinfonia n. 3 in mi bemolle maggiore, Op. 20 "The First of May"
Dmitri Dmitrijewitsch Schostakowitsch: Sinfonie Nr. 3 Es-dur, Op. 20 "The First of May"