Tchaikovsky started work on the piece in September 1890, but did not finish it until close to the premiere over a year later. He was then actively engaged in finishing his last opera Iolanta. The premiere of the ballad, which he conducted, took place on 18 November 1891, in Moscow. He was very dissatisfied with the work; even before the first performance he had decided it was mediocre at best and threatened to destroy the score. After the performance he declared "Such rubbish should never have been written". He carried out his threat the day after the first performance. However, the orchestral parts were retrieved by Alexander Siloti and the score was later reconstructed.

Librettist Based on "The Voyevoda" by Alexander Pushkin's translation of Adam Mickiewicz's
Tempo Allegro vivacissimo—Moderato a tempo
Date of composition 1891 (1890-1891)
Premiered 1891, November 18th in Saint Petersburg, Russia by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
First published 1897 in Leipzig, Germany
Type Symphonic Etude
Tonality A Minor
Catalogue Op. 78
Approx. duration 12 minutes
Instruments Orchestra
Autotranslations beta Piotr Ilitch Tchaïkovski: The Voyevoda en la mineur, Op. 78
Pëtr Il'ič Čajkovskij: The Voyevoda in la minore, Op. 78
Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski: The Voyevoda a-moll, Op. 78