Rodrigo (HWV 5) is an opera in three acts composed by George Frideric Handel. Its original title was Vincer se stesso è la maggior vittoria ("To overcome oneself is the greater victory"). The opera is based on the historical figure of Rodrigo, the last Visigothic king of Spain. The libretto was based on Francesco Silvani's II duello d'Amore e di Vendetta ("The conflict between love and revenge"). Dating from 1707, it was Handel's first opera written for performance in Italy, and the first performance took place in Florence late in 1707.
After Francesco Silvani's II duello d'Amore e di Vendetta
- Rodrigo, the King
- Esilena, wife to Rodrigo
- Florinda, mother to Rodrigo's child
- Giuliano, brother to Florinda
- Evanco, last surviving son of Vitizza, the previous King
- Fernando, minister to Rodrigo