Ermione was first performed at the Teatro di San Carlo, Naples on 27 March 1819. For reasons that are as yet unclear, the opera was withdrawn on 19 April after only seven performances, and was not seen again until over a hundred years after Rossini's death. One possible explanation for its failure might be Rossini's choice to renounce the use of secco recitative in favour of accompanied declamation and to connect each closed number to the next in a manner reminiscent of Gluck's French operas and of Spontini (the latter was also to have a huge influence on Weber's Euryanthe, four years later)

Librettist Andrea Leone Tottola (based on the play Andromaque by Jean Racine)
Date of composition 1819
Premiered 1819, March 27th in Naples, Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy
Type Opera
Spoken language Italian
Instruments Orchestra
Voice (Soprano) - Ermione (Hermione), daughter of Helen and Menelaus
Voice (Contralto) - Andromaca (Andromache), widow of Hector
Voice (Tenor) - Pirro, (Pyrrhus) son of Achilles and king of Epirus
Voice (Tenor) - Oreste (Orestes), son of Agamemnon
Voice (Tenor) - Pilade (Pylades), Oreste's companion
Voice (Mezzo-Soprano) - Cleone, Ermione's confidante
Voice (Bass) - Fenicio, Pirro's tutor
Voice (Contralto) - Cefisa, Andromaca's confidante
Voice (Tenor) - Attalo, Pirro's confidant
Silent Role - Astianatte (Astyanax), Andromaca's son
Autotranslations beta Gioachino Rossini: Ermione
Gioachino Rossini: Ermione
Gioachino Rossini: Ermione