Following his completion of Giovanna d'Arco, Verdi began on work on Alzira, having been invited by the impresario of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, Vincenzo Flauto, to write an opera for that house, the invitation having followed the earlier success of Ernani. One of the attractions of the arrangement to Verdi was to have the services of the man who was now - following Felice Romani's virtual retirement - the principal librettist in Italy. This was Salvatore Cammarano, the Naples "house poet" who had been responsible for some of Donizetti's successes, which included Lucia di Lammermoor. Using the publisher Giovanni Ricordi as "a kind of agent" :33-34, 43-44 Verdi's terms were laid out. These included being able to receive one-third more than his fee for I Lombardi and, more importantly, having a finished libretto from Cammarano in his possession four months before the production.

Librettist Salvatore Cammarano (based on the play Alzire, ou les Américains by Voltaire)
Premiered 1845, August 12th (Teatro San Carlo) in Naples, Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy
Type Opera
Spoken language Italian
Instruments Orchestra
Voice (Bass) - Alvaro, father of Gusmano, initially Governor of Peru
Voice (Baritone) - Gusmano, Governor of Peru
Voice (Tenor) - Ovando, a Spanish Duke
Voice (Tenor) - Zamoro, leader of a Peruvian tribe
Voice (Bass) - Ataliba, leader of a Peruvian tribe
Voice (Soprano) - Alzira, Ataliba's daughter
Voice (Mezzo-Soprano) - Zuma, her maid
Voice (Tenor) - Otumbo, an American warrior
Autotranslations beta Giuseppe Verdi: Alzira
Giuseppe Verdi: Alzira
Giuseppe Verdi: Alzira