|Alternative Spellings||Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie|
Zygmunt Noskowski - Conductor from 1906 to 1908
Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński - Conductor from 1908 to 1909
Grzegorz Fitelberg - Conductor from 1909 to 1911
Zdzisław Birnbaum - Conductor from 1911-14 to 1916-18
Roman Chojnacki - Conductor from 1918 to 1938
Józef Ozimiński - Conductor from 1938 to 1939
Olgierd Straszyński - Conductor from 1945 to 1946
Andrzej Panufnik - Conductor from 1946 to 1947
Jan Maklakiewicz - Conductor from 1947 to 1948
Witold Rudziński - Conductor from 1948 to 1949
Władysław Raczkowski - Conductor from 1949 to 1950
Witold Rowicki - Conductor from 1950-55 to 1958-77
Bohdan Wodiczko - Conductor from 1955 to 1958
Kazimierz Kord - Conductor from 1977 to 2001
Antoni Wit - Conductor from 2002 to 2013
Jacek Kaspszyk - Conductor from 2013 to 2019
Andrey Boreyko - Conductor from 2019
The Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra is a Polish orchestra based in Warsaw. Founded in 1901, it is one of Poland's oldest musical institutions. The orchestra was conceived on initiative of an assembly of Polish aristocrats and financiers, as well as musicians. Between 1901 and the outbreak of World War II in 1939, several virtuoso- and conductor-composers regularly performed their works with the orchestra, including Edvard Grieg, Arthur Honegger, Leoncavallo, Prokofiev, Rachmaninoff, Maurice Ravel, Camille Saint-Saëns, Richard Strauss, and Igor Stravinsky. Among the other luminaries who played with the Philharmonic were pianists Ignacy Jan Paderewski and Arthur Rubinstein, violinists Jascha Heifetz and Pablo de Sarasate, and cellist Pablo Casals. The Philharmonic has played host to the Chopin International Piano Competition since the contest began in 1927, and also appeared at the inaugural Wieniawski International Violin Competition (1935) and Universal Festival of Polish Art (1937).
The orchestra underwent an eclipse during the Second World War, during which it lost half its members to the war, as well as its elegant building. In 1947, the orchestra resumed its regular season, but had to wait until 1955 for its home to be finally rebuilt, albeit in a new style. When the building was dedicated, the Philharmonic was proclaimed the National Orchestra of Poland.
The conductor Witold Rowicki was responsible for helping modernize the ensemble and ensuring the orchestra cultivated Polish music both old and recent, as represented by the works of Frédéric Chopin, Henryk Górecki, and Witold Lutosławski, without failing also to refine its mastery of the world repertoire. At home, the orchestra performs in the Warsaw Autumn International Festival of Contemporary Music besides accompanying the final rounds of the Chopin International Piano Competitions, while abroad it has toured the five continents to critical acclaim.
The Philharmonic has recorded music for several anime series. It has also recorded music for Namco's Ace Combat 5: The Unsung War, and together with the Hollywood Session Orchestra, for the SEGA action-RPG Phantasy Star Universe. The orchestra was involved in a major performance for the film Avalon, composed by Kenji Kawai, and part of a performance is shown in the film. Most recently, they have recorded music for the Square Enix role-playing video game Final Fantasy XIII. Wikipedia