Adrian Boult - Conductor from 1959 to 1960
Simon Rattle - Conductor from 1980 to 1998
Sakari Oramo - Conductor from 1998 to 2008
Andris Nelsons - Conductor from 2008 to 2015
Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla - Conductor from 2016
Appleby Matthews - Conductor from 1920 to 1924
Leslie Heward - Conductor from 1930 to 1943
George Weldon - Conductor from 1944 to 1951
Rudolf Schwarz - Conductor from 1951 to 1957
Andrzej Panufnik - Conductor from 1957 to 1959
Hugo Rignold - Conductor from 1960 to 1969
Louis Frémaux - Conductor from 1969 to 1978
|City||Birmingham, United Kingdom|
Founded by Neville Chamberlain, the orchestra first rehearsed at 9.30am on 4 September 1920, in the band room at the Birmingham City Police's Steelhouse Lane station. The first public performance, as the City of Birmingham Orchestra occurred later that month, with Appleby Matthews, the orchestra's first chief conductor, at the baton. However, its official foundation is generally reckoned to have been the "First Symphony Concert" in November 1920, when Edward Elgar conducted a programme of his own music in Birmingham Town Hall.
Adrian Boult was chief conductor from 1924 to 1930. The CBO became a full-time organisation in 1944, changing its name to the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra in 1948. Chief conductors since then included Rudolf Schwarz, the composer Andrzej Panufnik, Hugo Rignold and Louis Frémaux.
The CBSO began to gain greater international renown after Simon Rattle became chief conductor in 1980. Under him, the orchestra increased its recording profile and became one of the leading ensembles in Europe. Rattle was named music director of the CBSO in 1990. That same year, the post of Radcliffe Composer in Association was created, with Mark-Anthony Turnage filling the role.
After Rattle relinquished his posts with the CBSO, Sakari Oramo became chief conductor in 1998, and music director in 1999. In 2001, the players rejected a contract that would have stopped extra payments for broadcasts and recordings, in the context of financial crisis at the CBSO. In addition, other controversy arose from the CBSO's demands from the Arts Council for a greater share of the Council's stabilisation fund, because of its reputation compared to other British orchestras.
In October 2007, the CBSO named Andris Nelsons as its next music director after Oramo. The appointment was unusual in that Nelsons had not conducted the CBSO publicly prior to his appointment, but only in a private concert and in a recording session. In July 2015, Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla first guest-conducted the CBSO. In February 2016, the CBSO named her as its next music director, effective September 2016. She is the first female conductor to be named music director of the CBSO.
The CBSO has recorded extensively for labels such as EMI Classics, Warner Classics, and Orfeo. The orchestra has also released recordings under its own self-produced label. Wikipedia